Tuesday, 19 July, 2011

அமெரிக்காவில் முஸ்லிம்கள் ஓர் பயணக்கட்டுரை!

mnkupf;fhtpy; fypNghu;dpah khepyj;jpy; 14..7.2010 khiy rp.vd;.vd; b.tp Nrdy; nra;jpapidg; ghu;j;Jf;  nfhzbUe;j vdf;F xU gjpide;J taJ kjpf;fj;jf;f `p[hg; mzpe;j K];ypk; rpwpkp kpfTk; tPuhNtrkhf Mq;fpyj;jpy; Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jhs;. mJ vd;d Ngr;R vd;W Nfl;f cq;fSf;F Mtyhf ,Uf;Fk;. 2001 nrg;lk;gu; khjk; 9e;Njjp mnkupf;fhtpd; tu;j;jf efukhd epA+ahu;f;fpy; ,ul;ilf; NfhGuj;jpid tpkhdfq;fs; %yk; Nkhjp jfu;j;J mjd; %yk; 2000 Ngu;fSf;F capu; Nrjkpl;l ,lj;jpd; mUfpy; xU gs;spthry; fl;l mDkjpf;fyhkh vd;w fUj;jha;Tf; $l;lj;jpy; jhd; me;j rpWkp MNtrkhf Ngrpdhs;. mtSf;F Kd;G Ngrpa mnkupf;fu;fs; K];ypk;fs; jPtputhj nraypy; <Lgl;ltu;fs;> MfNt me;j ,lj;jpy; k#jp fl;l mDkjpf;ff;$lhJ vd;W Ngrpdhu;fs. Mdhy; mtu;fSf;F gjpy; nrhy;Yk; tpjj;jpy; ,e;j 15 taJ rpwpkp> jd;Dila ngw;Nwhu;fSk;> cwtpdu;fSk; $l me;j rk;gtj;jpy; ,we;J jhd; mdhij K];ypk; rpwpkpahf ,Ug;gjhfTk; mjw;fhf vy;yh K];ypk;fisAk; jPtputhjpfs; vd;W $wp K];ypk; mikjpahf topgLtjpw;F gs;spthry; fl;l ,lk; kWg;gJ vd;d epahak; vd;W Nfl;lJ> rpyg;gjpfhu ,yf;fpaj;jpy; jd;de;jdpahf fztd; Nfhtyid ,oe;j fz;zfp kJiu ghz;bakd;du; ju;ghupy; epahak; Nfl;lJ Nghd;w ,yf;fpa cz;ik epfo;r;rpahf ,Ue;jJ. me;jg; K];ypk; rpwpkp Ngrpajpidf; Nfl;L thailj;j fUj;Jf; Nfl;f te;j mnkupf;f eLtu;fs; fUj;Jf; Nfl;Lk; epfo;r;rpapid xj;jp itj;J tpl;L nrd;W tpl;lhu;fs;.
     1) me;j rpwpkp Ngrpa gpd;G mnkupf;fhtpy; thOk; K];ypk;fs; topghL jsq;fs>; mtu;fspd; tho;f;if Kiwfs; gw;wp nra;jpfis Nrfupj;J cq;fSf;F toq;fyhk; vd; Mirg;gl;L ,e;jf; fl;Liu vLJfpNwd;:
mnkupf;fhtpy; ,];yhkpa fk;A+dpl;bfs; 1920y; Njhd;wp tPLfspy; $l;Lj; njhOif elj;jp jq;fSila r%f gpur;rid gw;wp tpthjpf;f  Muk;gpj;Js;sdu;. Mdhy; 1950 Mk; Mz;by; jhd; Ne\d; Mg; ,];yhk vd;w mikg;gpid mnkupf;fhtpy; thOk; fWg;gpd kf;fs; `hu;yPd; efuj;jpy; Muk;gpj;J xU gs;spthrypid cUthf;fpAs;sdu;.
Mdhy; ,d;W Mapuj;jpw;F Nkyhd gs;spfs; cs;sd. mnkupf;fhtpy; kpf ngupa gs;spthry; mbuha;L efupy; cs;s ,];yhkpf; nrz;lupy; 1962ypUe;J 1965tiu cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Kjypy; mnkupf;fh- Mg;upf;f K];ypk; kf;fspd; cjtpahy; cUthf;fg;gl;l gs;spthry;fs; gpd;G vfpg;J> nrsjp mNugpah> <uhd; kw;Wk; nygdP]; muRfspd; gz cjtpahy; vOg;gg;gl;l gs;spthry;fs; midj;J ,d K];ypk; kf;fSk; njhOk; gs;spfshf khw;wg;gl;ld. ,];yhkpau; kjNritf;fhf fTd;rpy; Mg; k];[pj; mikf;fg;gl;L mtu;fspd; Njitfis epiwNtw;wg;gLfpwJ. 2001 Mk; Mz;L jahupf;fg;gl;l ru;Ntapd; gb 33 rjtPj njw;F Mrpa kf;fSk;> 30 rjtPj mnkupf;f-Mg;upf;f ,dj;jtUk;> 25 rjtPj mugpa kf;fSk; njhOiff;fhf gs;spf;F tUfpwhu;fs;. gs;spthrypy; njhOif elj;Jtjpw;fhf ,d;dKk; ,khk;fs; vfpg;J> JUf;fp> ghy];j;jPdk; Mfpa ehLfspypUe;J jUtpf;fg;gLfpwhu;fs;. mj;Jld; ,khk;fs; fTd;rpy; 1972 Mk;; Mz;L epWtg;gl;L ,khk;fSf;fhd gapw;rp nfhLj;J mnkupf;fhtpy; trpf;Fk; khu;f;f mwpthspfNs njhOif eLj;Jk; Kiw Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. gs;spthrYk; kw;Wk; mjid xl;bAs;s fk;A+dpl;b rig fl;blq;fSk; khu;f;f kw;Wk; nghJ fy;tpf;fhf gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. thue;NjhWk; rpWtu; khu;f;ff; fy;tp fw;f Vw;ghLk;> KjpNahu; khu;f;f fy;tpf;Fk;> ,];yhkpau; my;yhjtu; ,];yhj;jpidg; gw;wp njupe;J nfhs;tjpw;Fk; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ru;Nt gb mnkupf;fh K];ypk;fspy; 10 rjtPjj;jpypUe;J 20 rjtPjk; tiu Ie;J Ntis njhOfpd;wdu;. Mdhy; mnkupf;fh fpwpj;Jtu;fs; 40 rjtPjk; fpwj;Jt ru;r;RfSf;Fr; nry;fpd;wdu;.
jw;NghJ fpl;lj;jl;l 2000 gs;spthry;fs; cs;sd. mjdpy; 200f;F Nkw;gl;l gs;spthry;fs; fypNghu;dpah> epa+ahu;f; khepyq;fspy; cs;sd. 100ypUe;J 200 tiu gs;spthry;fs; nlf;]h]>; GNshuplh> ,y;ypNdh];> XfpNah> kpf;rpfhd;> ngd;rpy;Ntdpah> epA+n[u;rp Nghd;w khepyq;fspy; cs;sd> 50jpypUe;J 100tiu gs;spthry;fs; thrpq;ld;> nld;drp> mupNrhdh> Xf;yhkh Nghd;w khepyq;fspy; cs;sd.

     2) mnkupf;fhtpy; ,];ypkpa r%jha Muk;gKk; tsu;r;rpAk;:
Kjd; Kjypy; 16 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; ];ngapd; ehl;bdtu; mnkupf;f kz;zpy; fhyb itf;Fk; NghJ ,];yhkpau; te;jdu; vdf; $wg;gl;lhYk; 1860Mk; Mz;by; FbNawpa rpupah kl;Lk; nygdhd; K];ypk; kf;fs; ngUthupahf ,Ue;jdu;. ,uz;lhk; cyf Aj;jj;jpw;F gpd;G INuhg;gh> Mrpah> fpof;F Mg;upf;fh> ,e;jpah> ghfp];jhd;> Mg;fhdp];jhd; Nghd;w ehLfspypUe;J K];ypk;fs; FbNawpdu;. Kjd; Kjy; mnkupf;f K];ypk;fs; Mg;gpupf;f ehLfisr;rhu;e;j mbikfs; jhd; vd;why; kpidahfhJ. mtu;fs; ngUk;ghNyhNdhu; gbj;jtu;fs;. khu;l;bd; Yhju; fpq; mnkupf;fh nts;isapdj;jpdtuplkpUe;J fWG;gpd kf;fis tpLjiyf;fhfTk; mtu;fs; cupidkf;fhfTk; Fuy; nfhLj;jhu;. Mdhy; mnkupf;fh-Mg;gpupf;fh K];ypk; jiytu; vyp[h Kfk;kJ Ne\d; Mg; ,];yhk; ,af;fj;jpid Muk;gpj;J nts;is epw mnkupf;f kf;fSld; fWg;gpd kf;fSf;fhf rkhjhdj;jpy; ,];yhk; kjj;jpid gug;g toptFj;jhu;. vyp[h Kfk;kJ fWg;gpd mnkupf;fUf;F jdp fWg;gpd ,];yhkpa khepyk; Nfl;lhu;. me;j ,af;fj;jpidr; rhu;e;jtu;fs; gy; NtW Fw;w gpd;dzpapy; rpiwapy; thLk; fWg;gpdj;jtiu jpUj;jp ,];yhj;jpidj; jOt jdp mikg;ghd upNfgpspl;Nl\d; Mg; mnkupf;fh gpshf; Vw;gLj;jpdu;. mtUld; Nru;e;J khy;fk; vf;]; vd; vy`h[; khypf; vy;. Rhgh]; vd;w Mg;upf;fh-mnkupf;fu; gzpahw;wpdhu;. mtu; gy;NtW Fw;w eltbf;iff;fhf vl;L tUlq;fs; n[apy; jz;lid ngw;W kdk; jpUe;jp Mg;gpupf;f ,d kf;fis ey;topg;gLj;jp ,];yhj;jpw;F top jpUg;gpatu;. n[apypy; thLk; fWg;gpd kf;fis re;jpj;J fPo;fz;l cgNjrq;fs; nra;fpd;wdu;:
1)        fWg;guhf gpwe;jpUg;gJ xU tug;gpurhjk; mJ ,opty;y. MfNt jho;T kdg;ghd;ikapid tpl;nlhopf;f Ntz;Lk;.
2)      ePq;fs; ve;j K];ypikapidAk; mOf;fhd cilaplNdh my;yJ Kfr;rtuk; nra;ahj egiuNah cly; Rj;jkpy;yhj egiuNtah ghu;f;f KbahJ.
3)      ve;j; K];ypikAk; FbNghijf;F Mshtjpidg; ghu;f;f KbahJ.
4)      ve;j K];;ypKk; Nghij jUk; Gifg;ghd;fis cgNahfpg;gjpidf; fhz KbahJ.
5)      ve;j K];ypKk; mehfupf Mly;fspy; <Lgl;ljpid ghu;f;f KbahJ.
6)      ve;j K];ypKk; jd; kdtpapidj; jtpu Ntw;Wg; ngz;fspy; cly; uPjpahd njhlu;G nfhs;tjpidf; fhz KbahJ.
7)      ve;j K];ypKk; rpwpa tUkhdk; jUk; Ntiy nra;ahky; $l tho gpr;ifnaLg;gjpidf; fhzKbahJ.
8)      Ve;j K];ypKk; Fw;w eltbf;ifapy; <Lgl;ljpidf;fhz KbahJ.
Nkw;nfhz;l Nghjidfs; %yNk gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhd mnkupf;f-Mg;upf;f ,dj;jtu; K];ypk; kjj;jpw;F khwpdu;. mjpy; xUtu;jhd; cyff; Fj;Jr;rz;il gjtpapypUe;J ghypapy; Fw;wr;rhl;by; n[apypy; thba ikr; ilrd.; ,d;W ,];yhj;jpw;F khwp khypf;fhf ntsp te;Js;hu;. %d;W Kiw cyf Fj;Jr;rz;il rhk;gpad; gl;lj;jpid jl;br;nrd;w Nfrpa]; fpNs vd;w Kfk;kJ myp mnkupf;fh vfhgj;jpa tpal;ehk; Aj;jk; jhd; nfhz;l ,];yhk; kjj;jpw;F  vjpu; khwhdJ vd kWj;J jd; gl;lj;jpid gwpnfhLj;jhYk; guthapy;iy vd;W nrhd;d khtPud; Mthu;. mtu; nfhz;l cWjpapd; gadhf rpiw jz;ilapypUe;J ntw;wp ngw;wNjhL kl;Lky;yhky; ,];yhk; xU mikjp ehLk; kjk; vd;W cyfpw;F vLj;Jf;fhl;b I.eh cyf rigapd; Mg;gpupf;f rpwg;Gj; Jhjuhfp ,d;Wk; midj;J mnkupf;fh kf;fshy; kjpf;fg;gLk; Kfk;kJ myp Nghd;w fWg;gpd jiytu;fshy; ,];yhk; mnkupf;fhtpy; epiyahf NtWhd;wp tpl;L My kuk; Nghy cau;e;Js;sJ.
     vyp[h Kfk;kJ kw;Wk; khy;fk; vf;]; Nghd;Nwhu; nfhiy nra;ag;gl;l gpwF  gpd;G vyp[h kfdhu; thyh]; fWg;gpd K];ypk;fSf;F jdp khepy nfhs;ifapid iftpl;L fWg;gpdu; my;yhj kf;fisAk; Ne\d; Mg; ,];yhk; ,af;fj;jpy; Nru;j;Jf; nfhz;lhu;. me;j mig;gpw;F Nkw;fj;jpa Ntu;y;L fkpl;b Mg; ,];yhk vd;W ngau; #l;bdhu;.   mjd; gpd;G me;j mikg;gpw;F mnkupf;fd; K];ypk; kp\d; vd;W khw;wg;gl;lJ.




     3) Fbngau;e;j mnkupf;f K];ypk;fspd; gof;f tof;fq;fs;:  
1)        xt;nthU K];ypk; FLk;gj;jhUk; 100 lhyuplkpUe;J 250 lhyu; tiu tUlj;jpw;F nrYj;jp xt;nthU fk;A+dpl;b mikg;gpYk; cWg;gpduhfp cs;sdu;.
2)      jq;fs; Foe;ijfis ,];yhkpa khu;f;f Nghjidfis thuj;jpy; ,UKiw fw;f toptif nra;fpd;wdu;.
3)      gs;spthry; epjpf;fhf tpUe;Jld; $ba rpwg;G Kfhk; elj;jp t#y; nra;fpd;wdu;. xU jlit ehd; mJ Nghd;w Kfhkpy; fypNghu;dpah khepyk; gpupkhz;l; gs;spthrypy; gq;Nfw;Nwd;.
mg;NghJ ehd;> eP vd;W Mz;fs;> ngz;fs>; rpwhu;fs; Nghl;bNghl;L ed;nfhil nrYj;jpajpy; xU yl;rj;J gj;jhapuk; lhyu; ed;nfhilahf fpilj;jJ.
4)      nts;spNjhWk; ngz;fs; jq;fs; tPl;by; jahu;nra;j gz;lq;fs;> czTg; nghUl;fs;> iftpidg; nghUl;fs; tpw;W me;jf; gzj;jpid gs;spthrYf;fhf ed;nfhilahf jUfpd;wdu;.
5)      rpwg;G Ngr;rhsu;fspd; Ngr;rpid Vw;ghL nra;J mjw;F fl;lzKk; t#ypf;fg;gLfpwJ. mJ Nghd;w kf;fh gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; gapw;rp ngw;W Kjyplj;jpy; Njwpa xUtUila fk;A+l;lu; tpsf;fj;Jld; $ba nrhw;nghyptpid ehd; rhNdh]; fk;A+dpl;b gs;spapy; Nfl;Nld;.
6)      K];ypk;fs; `yhyhd cztpidNa rhg;gpLfpd;wdu;. ngUk;ghyhd fwpf;filfs; ghfp];jhdpau; kw;Wk; Mg;fhdp];jpau; jhd; elj;Jfpd;wdu;. fypNghu;dpahtpYs;s rhg;l;Ntu; jiyikaplkhd rhNdhrpy; xU irdP]; K];ypkpd; `yhy; N`hl;lypy; mj;jidf; $l;lk; vd;why; ghUq;fNsd;.
7)      fk;A+dpl;bapy; ,uz;L khjj;jpw;F xU Kiw ghl;yhf;> ghu;f;A+ vd;w K];ypk; FLk;gq;fs; $b nghJ ghu;f;fpy; tpUe;Jz;fpd;wdu;. mg;NghJ FLk;g cWg;gpdupilNa fye;Jiuahl VJthf cs;sJ. Mdhy; mg;gb elf;Fk; tpUe;Njhk;gy; epfo;Tfspy; $l xt;nthU ehl;bYk; my;yJ khepyj;jpy; te;jtu;fSf;fpilNa kl;Lk; goFk; gof;fkhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. vy;iy jhz;b FLk;gg; gof;fq;fs; Nt&d;wtpy;iy.
8)      nts;spf;fpoikapy; [_k;kh Fj;Jgh Kbe;j gpd;G NehAw;wtu;fSf;F> ,we;jtu;fSf;F Jth nra;aTk;> kUj;Jtr; nryT> uj;jk; Njitg;gLk; Nehahspf;F cjtTk; Ntz;LNfhs; tplg;gLfpwJ. mq;F ,we;jtu;fis mlf;k; nra;Ak; ,lk; kpfTk; tpiy mjpfkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. trjpapy;yhJ ,we;jtufSf;F mlf;fk; nra;a fk;A+dpl;bfs; t#y; nra;J mlf;fk; nra;fpwhu;fs;.
9)      ngz;fs; ePz;l ifAs;s rl;ilapid mzpe;Jk; Nkyq;fp> jiy Kf;fhLk; mzpe;Jk; fhzg;gLfpd;wdu;. Mdhy; rpy Mz;fs; jhd; r%jhak; $Lk; ,lq;fSf;F Kdq;fhYf;F NkYs;s miuf;fhy; rl;ilazpe;J tUfpd;wdu;. mJTk; ngz;fs; $Lk; ,lq;fSf;F tUtJ me;j ,isQu;fSf;F Nkiy ehfupfkhf ,Uf;fyhk; Mdhy; vd;dhy; Kfk; Ropf;fhky;  ,Uf;f Kbatpy;iy. jkpof K];ypk; Cu;fspypUe;j K];ypk; gl;ljhupfs; Cupy; ifypAk; njhg;gpAk; mzpe;J tpl;L> mnkupf;fhtpd; efuq;fspy; ehfuPfnkd;W miuf;fhy; rl;ilapid mzpe;J tUtJ mt;tsT ,];yhkpa gz;ghLf;F cfe;jjhf fUj Kbatpy;iy.  
10)    rpwhu;fs; mnkupf;fhtpd; Nkjhtp fyhr;rhuj;jpy; <Lglhky; jq;fs; kjf;Nfhl;ghNlhL tho ngz;fs; ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;fpwhu;fs;.
11)     ,];yhkpau; fUj;Jr;Rje;jpuj;Jld; topghL elj;j gy ,];yhkpa ehLfspy; $l ,y;yhjpUe;Jk; mnkupf;fhtpy; ,Uf;fpwJ ghuhl;lj;jf;fJ.
12)    ,e;jpa K];ypk; $l;likg;G> jkpo; K];ypk; $l;likg;G Nghd;w mikg;Gfs; r%jha njhz;LfSk; kw;Wk; ,idajsq;fSk; elj;jp tUfpd;wd.


4) Nkw;fj;jpatu; ghu;itapy; ,];yhkpau:; 1989Mk; Mz;L <uhdpau; Gul;rpg;gil mnkupf;fhtpd; Jhufj;jpidf; ifg;gw;wp mnkupf;fu;fis gazf;ifjpfshf itj;j gpd;dUk;> mnkupf;fhtpd; ,ul;ilf;NfhGuq;fs; 11.9..2001 Mk; Mz;L jfu;f;fg;gl;l gpd;Gk;> mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; Nkw;fj;jpa ehl;Nlh ehLfspd; Nfhgk; cyf K];ypk;fs; kPJ jpUk;gpAs;sJ vd;why; mJ kpifahfhJ. me;j ,uz;L epfo;r;rpfSNk ,];yhkpau; td;Kiwahsu;fs; vd;w khiaj;Njhw;wj;jpid cUthf;fp cs;sJ. mjd; tpisT jhd; me;j ehLfs; Mg;ghdp];jhd;> <uhf; Nghd;w ehLfspy; gilnaLf;fj;Jhz;baNjhL kl;Lky;yhky;> ghfp];jhidAk;> <uhidAk; gaKWj;Jk; gk;khj;Jf;fspy; <Lgl;L tUfpd;wdu;. mJ kl;Lkh? gpuhd;];> `hye;J> epa+[pyhe;J> ,l;lhyp Nghd;w ehLfspy; ngz;fs; `p[hg; mzpe;J tuTk;> Gu;fh NghlTk; kWf;fg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; fpwpj;Jt ,isQu;fSk;> ngz;fSk; Fspu; fhyj;jpy; jiy %ba `_l;ftr cil mzpa mDkjpas;sJ vt;thW epahakhFk;? Vd; ,e;jpahtpy; $l K];ypk; my;yhj ngz;fs; tl khepyq;fspYk; Kf;fhL Nghl;Lk;> ,U rf;fu thfdj;jpy; NghFk; NghJ Kfj;jpid %b nry;tjpy;iyah? Vd; ,];yhkpaiu kl;Lk; jdpikg; gLj;Jfpwhu;fs; vd;gJ Mr;rupaNk!
mnkupf;fhtpd; ,ul;ilf;NfhGu jfu;g;gpw;F gpd;G cyf K];ypk;fisg; gw;wp jtwhd jfty;fs; vyf;l;uhdpf; kPbahtpYk;> gj;jpupf;iffspYk; tuhkypy;iy. nghJthf ,];yhkpau; td;Kiwahsu; vd;w fUj;jpid GFj;jg; ghu;f;fpd;wdu;. mNj Ntisapy; mnkupf;fhtpd; Xf;yhkh rpl;bapy; /ngluy; muR fl;blj;jpid Fz;L itj;J jfu;j;j bNkhl;b vd;w mnkupf;fd; fpwpj;Jt kjj;jpdd; vd;gjhy;  vy;yh fpwpj;JtUk; jPtputhjpfs; vd;W ahUk; rpj;jupf;f khl;lhu;fs;. Mdhy; K];ypk;fis kl;Lk; jPtputhjpfs; vd;W rhak; G+rg;ghu;;f;fpwhu;fs;. mtu;fnsy;yhk; ,];yhk; mikjpapidg; Ngzpf;fhf;Fk; kjk; vd;W mwpahjtu;fs;. ,];yhk; kjKk;> fpwpj;Jt kjKk; rNfhju kjk;. xUtiu xUtu; re;jpf;Fk; NghJ nrhy;ypf; nfhs;Sk; Kfkdhd m];]yhK miyf;Fk; vd;gNj cq;fs; kPJ rhe;jpAk; rkhjhdKk; cz;lhtjhFf vd;W nrhy;yg;gLtNj vd;W mwpahjtu;fs;. ,];yhkpau; kf;fs; xw;Wikf;fhfTk; Vf ,iw jj;Jtj;jpid vLj;jpak;Gk; Kf;fpa flikahf nfhs;gtu;fs;. mNj jj;Jtj;jpidj;jhNd u#yy;yh`; kl;Lky;yhky; mtu;fSf;F Kd;G te;j fpwpj;Jt> A+j kjj;jpd; flTs;fshf fUjg;gLk; mg;u`hKk;> NkhrRk;> [PrRk; Nghjpj;jdu;. mtu;fnsy;yhk; u#yy;yh`;tpd; Kd;Ndhb egpkhu;fs; vd;W Fu;Mdpy; nrhy;yg;gl;ljpid mtu;fs; mwpahjtu;fsh?
nghJthf ,uz;lhtJ cyfg;NghUf;Fg; gpd;du; $l;Lg;gil ntw;wp ngw;w gpd;dUk; Kd;dhs; fhyzp Mfpf;fj;jpdhy; tpLgl;l ehLfspy;> my;yJ ,];Nuapy; Nghd;W jpzpf;fg;gl;l ehLfspy; cs;s Ml;rpf;F Mjuthf mnkupf;f-Mq;fpNya $l;Lg;gil MjuT mspj;J tUfpwJ. me;j jpzpf;fg;gl;l ehLfspd; vy;iyfis Vw;fhj ehLfspy; trpf;Fk; vjpu;g;ghsu;fs; Nghu;f;nfhb Jhf;fpAs;sdu;. mg;gb vjpu;g;G fhl;Lgtu;fspy; ngUk;ghYk; K];ypk;fshf ,Ug;gjhy; $l;Lg;gil jd; etPd MAj gyj;jpidf; fhl;b jd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; nfhz;L te;J kW fhyzp Mjpf;fj;jpw;F toptFf;fpwJ vd;why; kpifahfhJ. ,jid ehd; nrhy;ytpy;iy mnkupf;fh-$l;Lg;il vjpu;g;ghsuhd mnkupf;f mwpQu; Nehk; Nrhk;fp nrhy;fpwhu; vd; 7.8.2010 Njfpapl;l `pe;Jg ;gj;jpupf;if jiyaq;fj;jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy; Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfs; vd;d epidf;fpd;wdnud;why; cyfj;jpy; mtu;fisj; jtpu cau;e;j ,dkpy;iy vd;WjhNd vz;zj;Njhd;WfpwJ. Mdhy; mnkupf;fh 1776 Mk; Mz;L tpLjiy ngw;wNghJ gpufldg;gLj;jpa Fbkf;fspd; capUf;Fk;> clikf;Fk;> topghLf;Fk; cj;jputhjk; ,];yhKk; Nghjpf;fjhNd nra;fpwJ.
,];yhkpa-,e;J kf;fs; rz;ilfs; gw;wp Muha;r;rp nra;j Nguhrpupau; m\;L]; thu;\;Nd> ,U f%fj;jpdu; rz;ilfisf; fise;J rkurk; Vw;gl murpay; fl;rpfs;> tpahghupfs; rq;fj;jpdu;> njhopw;rq;fj;jpdu;> mwpT [Ptpfs;> gj;jpupf;ifahsu;fs;> rpdpkhj;Jiwapdu;> tpisahl;L rq;fj;jpdu; Kd;te;J mjw;fhd toptif nra;aNtz;Lk; vdf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;. MfNt K];ypk; kf;fspd; Nkw;fj;jpa ehLfspd; Mjpf;f czu;tpw;F vjpuhd frg;gpidg; Nghf;fp ey;nyz;zk; cz;lhf;f Ntz;Lnkd;why; fPo;fz;l topKiwfis mtu;fs; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;:
1)                             K];ypk; ehLfspd; tWikapid xopj;J me;j ehLfspd; nghUshjhu tsu;r;rpf;F tpj;jpl;L jd;dpiwT ngw cjt Ntz;Lk;.
2)                            K];ypk; ehLfspd; ,iwahd;ikf;F cj;jputhjk; ju Ntz;Lk;.
3)                            K];ypk; kf;fspd; ePz;l ehs; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F toptFf;Fk; ghy];jPdj;jpy; mikjp Vw;gl clNd KO xj;Jioj;J mjid epiy ehl;lNtz;Lk;.
4)                           kjrk;ge;jkhd Nghjidfis khztu;fSf;F gapw;rp mspf;Fk; kju]hf;fspy; fy;tpapid fw;Wf; nfhLf;f fy;tpf;fhd cjtpj; njhifapid gpd; jq;fpa K];ypk; ehLfSf;Fj; juNtz;Lk;.
5) ehd; Nkw;$wpa NahridfSf;F mnkupf;f K];ypk;fs; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;? mtu;fs; Kjypy; mnkupf;fhtpy; thOk; K];ypk; vd;w epiy khwp mnkupf;fh K];ypk;fshf khwp mnkupf;f kw;Wk; Nkw;fj;jpa ehL kf;fspdd; jtwhd vz;zj;jpid khw;w fPo;fz;l topfspy; nrayhw;w Ntz;Lk;:.
1)       mnkupf;fh K];ypk;fspy; 60 rjtPjk; ntspehLfspypUe;;J te;J FbAupik ngw;wtu;fs;. 40 rjtPjk; mnkupf;fh-Mg;gpupf;fh ,dj;jpdu;. ,tu;fs; midtUk; mnkupf;fhtpy; thOk; fpwpj;Jtu;fs;-A+ju;fSld; ey;y cwtpid Vw;gLj;jp mnkupf;fh my;yhj K];ypk; ehLfSld; ey;Ywtpid epiyepWj;Jk; ghykhf mika Ntz;Lk;.
2)     mnkupf;fhtpd; A+ju;fs; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?
ghy];jPd kf;fs; mikjpAlDk;> nrhe;j ehL> cupik> kw;Wk; cly;> nghUs; cj;jputhjj;Jld; tho Kaw;rp vLf;f Ntz;Lk;.. Vndd;why; ve;j td;KiwAk; ,];Nuapy; ehl;bid tpLtpf;f KbahJ. mNjNghy ghy];jPdu;fis jq;fs; nrhe;j ,lj;jpypUe;J tYf;fl;lhakhf epwe;jpwkhf ntspNaw;wTk; KbahJ. MfNt ,];NuapYk;> ghy];jPd kf;fSk; jd;DupikAld; tho mnkupf;fh thOk; fpwpj;Jtu;fSk;> A+ju;fSk; toptFf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjw;fhd Kaw;rpapid mnkupf;fhtpd; K];ypk;fs; vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mnkupf;fhtpy; xU gonkhop nrhy;thu;fs;> ePq;fs; rpupAq;fs;> mLj;jtUk; rpupg;ghu;. me;j gonkhopNa A+j kf;fSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.
     3) mnkupf;fhtpd; gj;jpupf;ifahsu;fs;> vOj;jhsu;fs;>                 rpdpkhj;Jiwapdu; mnkupf;fh gilfs; K];ypk; ehLfspy; jw;fhypf ntw;wpapid gpujhdg;gLj;jhJ> vg;gb Mg;gpupf;fh kf;fis lhu;[d;; glj;jpd; %yk; fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; Nghy vOj;jpNyh my;yJ vyf;l;uhdpf; kPbahtpNyh> my;yJ mnkupf;fh $l;Lg;gilapd; jq;fs; etPd Nghu; ve;jpuq;fs; %yk; vg;gb <uhf;fpYk;> Mg;fhdp];jhdpYk; ntw;wp nfhz;L K];ypk;fis Nfhioahf  rpj;jupf;fhJ mtu;fSk; jhq;fs; thOk; fpufj;jpy; gpwe;j kdpj gpwtpfs; jhd; mtu;fSf;Fk; fTutkhf> mnkupf;fhtpd; 1776 Mk; Mz;L Rje;jpu gpufldj;jpy; $wg;gl;lJ Nghy Rje;jpukhf tho midj;J cupikfSk; cz;L vd;gjpid czu;e;J nrayhw;w Ntz;Lk;. mt;thW nrayhw;wpdhy; epr;rahf K];ypk; kf;fspd; nte;j Gz;zpw;F kUe;J Nghl;lJ Nghy Mjuthf ,Uf;Fky;yth? mjw;fhd fUj;J xw;Wikapid mnkupf;f K];ypk; Vw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vdf; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpNwd;.


    

1 comment:

  1. Assalaamu alaikkum,
    thankalin arumaiyaana katturaikali font pirachnaiyaal padikka iyalavillai...itharkku enna font ubayokiththu badikkalaam..
    vaalka valamuda,
    endrum anbudan,
    Akbar Ali HR

    ReplyDelete